Get the in-depth details of all the highlights of our Orion February 2017 Software release in today's Release Notes blog post.
Content provided by Case Eichenberger, CIMA, CLS Client Portfolio Manager
In 2016, every major index that CLS tracks was positive, as shown in the chart below, and outperformed cash (which is the whole reason to invest in stocks and bonds in the first place).
In the CLS Quarterly Market Outlook, we often write about what worked and what did not work for our globally diversified portfolios. In a well-diversified account, there is always something that doesn’t work. For example, in 2016 we noted that health care stocks were net negatives for investors. After a great year in 2015 (+6.84%), the popular Health Care Select Sector SPDR® ETF had a negative return on the year in 2016 (-2.76%). In the fixed-income sector, municipal bonds did not work for investors and lagged the overall bond market. Without a doubt, holding a very high allocation to these two areas of the stock and bond markets would have caused investors to second guess their choices.
Now, let’s look at this in a different way. Is there a strategy that did not work in 2016? That’s a tough question. How could any strategy lose money when all major markets moved higher? Well, it turns out, there was one: market timing or trading the headlines/news — otherwise known as being scared out of the market. At CLS, we preach staying invested at your Risk Budget and avoiding the emotional pitfalls that lead to market timing; but unfortunately, some investors end up trying to time anyway. (To be fair, a large majority of investors do avoid market timing and should be commended for keeping their emotions in check.)
Let’s take a look at two scenarios for Client X and Client Y, as illustrated in the graphic below. The first chart shows Client X and his experience/returns in 2016 at a moderate Risk Budget. He had a solid year. It started out a little rocky but ended on a very positive note. How would that experience change if the client had been at the same Risk Budget, but sold out of the market throughout the year? The pain points are shown on the Client Y chart. The first happened at the beginning of 2016 when the S&P 500 experienced one of its worst opens to the year. The client then stayed in cash until getting back in the market in early April. From there, another dramatic headline around the U.K.’s decision to leave the European Union prompted a second quick exit. Client Y stayed in cash until the end of September then got back into the market and stayed in until year end. Overall, Client Y’s market timing strategy would have performed negatively for the year.
At CLS, we hope investors can learn from these types of mistakes and stay invested, even when headlines and volatility make the market hard to stomach
Global Value Investing Had a Strong 2016
Global Value investing was one notable strategy that worked in 2016. This strategy is overweight in countries and regions that trade at discounts to their average valuations, and underweight in countries and regions that are more expensive than their average valuations. The underlying idea is that reversion to the mean will take place as the cheap areas will have strong, positive performance and the expensive areas will have weaker or even negative performance.
For dollar investors (such as the majority of those reading this blog), the returns of the 15 cheapest countries, as measured by the 12/31/15 Price to Earnings (P/E) valuation metric, returned 9.09% on average and ten out of the fifteen were positive. The biggest outlier was Brazil at 64%. By contrast, the 15 most expensive countries, as ranked by the P/E metric, returned 2.38% on average and only seven out of fifteen were positive. One of the biggest outliers was the U.S. Even with high valuations, the U.S. managed a 14% gain as other countries like Denmark, Mexico and Ireland moved lower.
Global value (a current CLS Investment Theme) won’t work every year — no investment strategy does. But it does tend to work over the long term as mean reversion takes place. So the odds are in its favor over market timers.
The January issue of The Exchange is online now! This month’s issue highlights Gemini’s EDGE Conference coming up in April, comparing mutual funds to ETFs, examining your product line to be DOL -ready, and more.
Content provided by Kostya Etus, CFA, CLS Portfolio Manager
Let’s review some events that took place over the last year:
Considering all of this volatility, you might think financial markets had a terrible year. But take a look at 2016 performance of the most common broad asset classes:
All markets are up! And some by a lot. How can this be with all of 2016’s surprises?
So now comes the hard part. Coming up with just one reason to add to our “91 Reasons Why People Did NOT Invest in the Stock Market” marketing piece for 2016!
Why did Orion make the transition to the new Schwab B/D Core file layouts? Read on to find out how the change affects you.
The post Data Reconciliation Update: Why Orion Transitioned to the Schwab B/D Core File Layout appeared first on Orion Advisor Services.
Content provided by Grant Engelbart, CFA, CAIA, CLS Portfolio Manager
Investors have been infatuated with the timing and pace of the Federal Reserve’s (Fed’s) plan to raise interest rates ever since rates were pinned at the zero bound in the midst of the financial crisis. Most of the rhetoric regarding interest rate hikes is negative, after all, who wants to “pay more” for money? These fears for financial assets are overblown, as we have mentioned before. Besides focusing on the negatives, what are some of the benefits of higher interest rates?
Remember when your bank account paid you interest? Slowly but surely, banks are starting to raise the amount they pay customers. Online savings accounts typically have a slower process for moving funds, but those who are willing to accept a little less liquidity can get around 1% in interest. The craziness of celebrating 1% interest aside, it isn’t easy to find products paying 1% with a government guarantee (FDIC insurance) and no principal fluctuation.
Most fears regarding rising interest rates are based on client’s bond holdings (which nearly all investors have, whether they know it or not). We have written extensively on how important bonds are to portfolios and why investors definitely should not abandon them. When investing in bonds – whether through ETFs, mutual funds, or direct bond ownership –there are interest payments and bond maturities that need to be reinvested. Reinvesting these at higher interest rates is beneficial, particularly as the starting interest rate on a bond is often the best predictor of its return.
Interest rates rarely rise in a sustainable way without a prior rise in inflation. The word inflation typically brings memories of the 1980s or stories about the Weimar Republic to mind; however, moderate inflation is typically a sign of a healthy economy. By definition, inflation implies rising prices and wages. The latest jobs report shows wages rising nearly 3% from December 2015 to December 2016, which is currently faster than CPI inflation in the U.S.
Investment vehicles that use derivatives, such as futures contracts, have to collateralize their exposure. This collateral is typically invested in short-term, safe instruments, such as T-bills. Rising interest rates benefit the collateral yield of a futures position. This is particularly beneficial to commodity investments through ETFs, which typically use futures contracts to gain that exposure. Not to mention, commodities are also a hedge against inflation, which as mentioned accompanies rising interest rates.
Interest rates are an integral part of an economic system that affect nearly everyone. Borrowing money at higher interest rates is not preferable, however, the slow expected rise in rates doesn’t have to be detrimental and can actually benefit segments of the economy and population.